Poomsae KEUMGANG [meaning diamond] has the significance of "hardness" and "ponder", The Keumgang Mountain on the Korean peninsula, which is regarded as the center of national spirit, and the "Keumgang Yeoksa"[Keumgang warrior] as named by Buddha, who represents the mightiest warrior, are the background of denominating this poomsae. New techniques introduced in this poomsae are batangson-teok-chigi, han-son-nal-momtong-an-makki, Keumgang-makki, santeoul-makki, kheun dol-tzogi [large hinge], and the hak-dari-seogi. The poomsae line is symbolic of the Chinese letter. The movement should be powerful and well balanced so as to befit the black belt's dignity.
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Fundamental Taekwondo Training
Taekwondo basic movements are essential to complete your each belt poomsae and one step sparring. Before you begin to practice your Poomsae(form) and Hanbun-Kyoroogi (One-Step Sparring), you must learn how to execute properly each listed movements on every belt course. Needless to say these movements are going to be a stone foundation of your Tae Kwon Do career.
Hanbun Kyoruki (One step sparring) is a formal way of Practicing self-defense against a punch, using a pre-arranged set of defensive skills. It develops cooperation and teamwork as both partners must help one another to practice effectively and safely.
A “Form” in which a self-practice is devised to be performed in following the lines of movement in a systematic and consecutive way against an imaginary opponent or multi-opponents by using various Taekwondo techniques of hand and foot means Taekwondo Poomsae. Through practicing Taekwondo Poomsae, we can apply the techniques of hand and foot and the changes of stance learned from the basic techniques adaptable to an actual fighting. Students learn poomsae step-by-step graduating at each belt from simple to more complex and difficult ones.
Learning and Perfecting Kicks
Over 20 of most essential basic kicks are listed on the color belt promotion program beside many others outside of the color belt curriculum. Any other advanced kicks cannot be performed without knowing how to perform listed kicks properly.
Practicing for kicking technique requires a great deal of practice to acquire the fearful, delivering and powerful accurate technique of all kicks. This includes practicing a combination of kicks with or without partner. In this way the practitioner develops the ability to execute techniques with confidence thus improving the ability to make the proper kick selection on the moving opponent during sparring. Here are some examples of combinations kicks that you must study.
One of the reason’s that taekwondo’s kicking techniques are superior those martial arts. It is founded in the system of the footwork, which makes the delivery of kicks possible from a number of different technical situations. Footwork controls the distant from the opponent and the posture in relation to the opponent. Interrelated system of footwork allowed one’s change one’s stance or distance so that a number of different techniques can be executed.
Sparring is the practical application of various forms against an actual opponent. In this type of competition speed, skilled technique, precision and confidence are the deciding factors. Through sparring, students improve their reflexes, focus and understanding of how to apply each technique. 겨루기 Kyoruki (Sparring Tips)
Self Defense is the study of how to use an attacker’s strength or skill and weapons against him or her. The practitioner learns when, how and where to attack an assailant using “pressure points”, grappling and joint locking techniques and throws.
Breaking an object is a good way to practice concentration, power, focus, speed and precision on non-living objects, without injuring oneself or another. It is very important to realize that a proper technique is needed and a breaking technique within your limits, because without it you can easily injure yourself.
Strength training is also an important part of a taekwondo training that includes aerobic activity and flexibility exercises. If you're just starting out, it is recommended begin by training two or three sessions a week, about 30 minutes to an hour , allowing at least a day off between sessions. Exercises 2-3 different muscle groups for each session to get better result and work effectively. After each session, don’t forget the cool down exercise to avoid injuries and maintain flexibility. It is always a good idea that you should be checked out by your doctor before you start lifting.
Are you stiff? It doesn’t matter if you do not have the best flexibility, in order to accomplish your goals, be completely enthusiastic and motivated. And do the routine whenever wherever if it’s possible with your best effort.